chagos archipelago history

Geography. : Put new text under old text. It is home to an astonishing diversity of life, and acts as a refuge for many threatened species. The Chagos islands continued to be administered as a dependency of Mauritius until they were detached to become part of the British Indian Ocean Territory in 1965. History. Click here to start a new topic. The Chagos Archive is an online human rights documentation archive dedicated to documenting the history of the Chagossian people and their exile during the creation of the US military base on Diego Garcia. The entire land area is a mere 56.1 km, with the largest island, Diego Garcia, having an area of 32.5 km2. Although, this right only extended to their children if they were born between two arbitrary dates. After the abolition of slavery in 1835, laborers were brought from India to work in the coconut plantations. Thereafter, the judgements revealed that the Chagossians should never have been sent to Mauritius and as a consequence, all native born Chagossians were granted British nationality in 2002. • Wenban-Smith, N.; Carter, M. (2016). The Chagos Archipelago is made up of 65 coral islands in the Indian Ocean; it lies midway between Africa and Asia, 500 km south of the Maldives. South African Law Journal 128:63-99. The scars of this traumatic experience of living in enforced exile are still visible in our community today. We are people of African, Indian and Malay ancestry who inhabited the Chagos Islands, specifically Diego Garcia, Peros Banhos and the Salomon … The entire land area of the islands is a … Ask questions, get answers. The Chagos Archipelago is made up of over 55 islands. This brutal ‘welcome’ has left families divided and penniless, without the skills or resources to integrate well into the U.K. …Seychelles colony, along with the Chagos Archipelago, formerly part of the Mauritius colony. The image at the head of the page is an aerial shot of East Point Plantation from the lagoon. The Chagos Archipelago consists of over 50 small islands in the Indian Ocean. Since the 1980s, successive Mauritian governments have asserted a sovereignty claim to the islands, arguing that they were detached illegally. Exploration records the first people to settle on the islands in 1776, and the tough struggle to establish a sustainable existence. Officially part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, the Chagos were home to the Chagossians for more than a century and a half until the United Kingdom evicted them in the early 1970s in order to allow the United States to build a military base … Britain evicted about 2,000 people from the Chagos Archipelago in the 1960s and 1970s so the U.S. military could build the air base on Diego Garcia. The book can be purchased here: YPD Books. The Chagossian people were sent to Mauritius and the Seychelles, where they were dumped on the quays without any plan of resettlement or any such help with integrating into those countries. History The Chagos Archipelago is a group of 65 main tropical islands in the Indian Ocean, lying 500km south of the Maldives. The islands were discovered in the early sixteenth century by the Portuguese. The islands, which are home to US military base Diego Garcia, were separated from the former British territory of Mauritius during decolonization in 1968. ; New to Wikipedia? Under the treaty of Paris in 1814, Britain restored Réunion to France, and France ceded to Britain Mauritius and its dependencies, which comprised Seychelles and various other islands, including the Chagos Archipelago. Although this is a long way from the UK, it is still directly relevant to those in the UK. The islands of the Chagos Archipelago were uninhabited until the late 18th century, when the French established copra plantations using slave labour in 1793. They were often treated as second class citizens, they were left uneducated and resided in slums. The group of islands was named ‘Basas de Chagas’ (‘Chagas’ in Portuguese means ‘Christ’s wounds’). By then, the Indian Ocean and its African, Arabian and Indian coasts had become a centre of rivalry between the Dutch, French and British East India companies for dominance over the spice trade and over the routes to India and the Far East. The U.K government, at the request of the United States, began to expel the Chagossian people from their homeland between 1967 and 1973. The territory doesn't have self-government. However, there was no welcome for them, no support and yet again, no plan for integration. The Chagos islands were first discovered, uninhabited, in the 16th century. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Chagos Archipelago article. Various legal challenges and judgements resulted in the Chagossians repeatedly being denied the right to return to their islands. After emancipation, indentured Indians arrive helping to form a new, unique society and a people first known as the Ilwa. The fate of an entire defenceless population would be sealed by the U.K. and the US with the complicity of Mauritius. The population grew, and the outer islands were also settled. History. The Chagos Archipelago is located in the Indian Ocean, and forms the British Indian Ocean Territory. Thus for many centuries the Chagos were ignored by their northern neighbours. Chagos: A History, Exploration, Exploitation, Expulsion. During the Napoleonic wars Britain captured Mauritius and Réunion from the French. The Chagossian people evolved their own distinctive Creole language and their own culture. Near complete records of births and deaths exist in the registers from three atolls in the Chagos Archipelago (Diego Garcia, Peros Banhos, and Salomon) for the period 1901-1964. No Chagossians now inhabit the island, which once was home to … By the mid twentieth century, there were thriving villages, schools, a hospital and above all, a benign, peaceful and undisturbed way of life that the Chagossian’s had enjoyed for generations on the islands. For several decades the Chagos archipelago has been the cause of a dispute between Mauritius and the U.K., over the decision in 1965 to separate Diego Garcia from the rest of the archipelago for setting up the military base, in collaboration with the U.S. Mauritius, a British colony, achieved independence in 1968 but the U.K. refused to return the Chagos archipelago, claiming … From 1773 to 1810, the importance of the Chagos was greater than that of the island of Rodrigues. East Point Plantation - Manager's House (in 2002). The Chagos Islands were a part of the French colony of Mauritius which was taken over by the British Empire in 1814. 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