The Minoans dealt with Egypt and Mesopotamia. There is some thought that the maze of rooms supported an upper story where the arrangement of space may have been more formal. Greek Building Techniques. The Mycenaeans lived mostly on mainland Greece and were the first people to speak the Greek language. This ability to work in large stone, also seen in the construction of the citadels, is thought by some scholars to be related to the work of the contemporary Hittites in Asia Minor (modern Turkey). The Minoans and Mycenaeans left us with the intriguing Greek Bronze Age sites of Knossos, Mycenae ‘Rich in Gold’, Pylos and Akrotiri. After the destruction of Minoan civilization, Mycenaean civilization grew even more independent of Minoan influences. Encyclopedia.com. One of the important features of the palace is an open court, or peristyle, with columns around it. Most of the citizens would live in small mud brick houses. Although not symmetrical in its layout it appears to adhere to an almost rectangular grid. As an example, his description of the citadel of Mycenae and its gate decorated with lions illustrates the fact that the remains of a period in Greek history of over a thousand years earlier were still visible and were still identified with the people who made them. ." . Greek evolution • Mycenaean/ Minoan kingdoms • Classical Greek city-states • Roman Empire • Byzantine Empire • Ottoman Empire • Modern Greece Greek Architecture 23. The shape of these architectural elements has been debated but there is considerable evidence to show that the columns were tapered in a manner that was the reverse of the normal shape in later Greek architecture; they were larger at the top and gradually smaller at the bottom. Minoan and Mycenaean Art, by Reynold Higgins (2nd revised … Its trend towards replicating eastern styles, themes, and designs, can be seen as a continued desire by the Mycenaeans to replicate the state centralized civilizations of the east. The sudden architectural awakening of the Mycenae an Greek mainland is intimately connected with the zenith and decline of Minoan Crete and can only be understood against the background of a long Cretan development. Interior supporting columns were of wood, floors of plaster or gypsum, and ornamentation in plaster as well as some The palace—most likely built between 1600 and 1500 b.c.e.—is essentially a governmental administrative center and a royal residence combined. walls, water storage) constructed at Mycenae clearly show that there was great concern for protecting what was probably the seat of a regional power. The main entrance doorway was decorated with half columns in green stone with other facing elements in red stone. Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. Archaeological finds from Mycenaean sites such as Mycenae and Pylos indicate that the Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans and other cultures, such as Egypt, in their well-established trade networks. Follow us on our social media accounts. "Minoan and Mycenaean Architecture Before the flowering of the classic Greek architectural style in the mainland there were two important periods of development in building that had come before. Arranged around a large central courtyard were dozens of rooms, chambers, small courts, halls, and storerooms. Reynold Higgins, Minoan and Mycenaean Art. ." The Mycenaeans were influenced by the Minoan civilization from the island of Crete who were, in turn, influenced by the Egyptians and Mesopotamians. Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/culture-magazines/minoan-and-mycenaean-architecture. The Minoan (c. 2600–1100 b.c.e.) Minoan architecture is characterized by both tradition and innovation. Many of their architectural styles were actually products of the Mycenaean civilization, who were the earliest Greek-speaking people. The tholos tomb was a circular, underground, stone structure with an interior rising to a point. The maze-like arrangement of these elements may have even been the inspiration for the myth of the fabled labyrinth. The architecture of the Mycenae was very similar to the Minoan, but it varied in style and decoration. Designed by Achal Srinivasan. A visitor to the palace is inevitably led, indeed steered, directly toward this megaron. The most impressive feature of the Palace of Mycenae is the fortified walls around it, a characteristic that is … Attested to by large storage facilities at both complexes and the presence of economic documents written in Linear B at Mycenae, it is likely both acted as centers for economic administration and direct redistribution of goods to smaller settlements, usually in the form of gifts for deities. Grand staircase of the palace ruins at Tiryns / Wikimedia Commons The location of the central megaron unit within each of the three best preserved Mycenaean palaces clearly indicates that it was the architectural focus of the entire palatial structure. Although they thrived in different parts of Greece, the Aegean Sea was both of their trading roots. 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