The government did not provide systematic anti-trafficking training for its diplomatic personnel, although consular officials received training on identifying forced domestic servitude. The government reported police and other authorities identified and referred 799 trafficking victims to NGOs for assistance in 2009; however, it reported that it did not officially collect or track data on the actual number or percentage of these identified victims that it referred for shelter and assistance. The movement of internally trafficked children is either from rural to urban areas, or from one rural area to another, as from farming to fishing communities. In 2009, one Tunisian female was rescued from forced prostitution in Lebanon. Upon arrival, they charge the girl high rental fees for these items and instruct her how to engage in prostitution to pay off the debt. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. According to NGOs and international experts, mainly foreign men and boys are subjected to forced labor in Montenegro’s growing construction industry. Globalization of ideas, information and the media create a dream of “a better life” in these destination countries leaving potential victims vulnerable to trafficker’s promises. There were reports that women from low-income families in Belarus’ regions were subjected to forced prostitution in Minsk. The explanation of the term by NGO.org is ambivalent. Below is the full copy of a webpage section relating to Poland in a report published by the Bureau of Public Affairs of the United States Department of State, entitled "Country Narratives: Countries N Through Z: Trafficking in Persons Report 2010", which is in the public domain. Organized crime and corruption often reign and the value of life is diminished. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. It is all about profit maximization for the business involved, be it factory, restaurant, brothel or street prostitution. French authorities failed to screen these children for indications of trafficking, treating them as irregular migrants, which resulted in their deportation and which could make them vulnerable to re-trafficking or persecution in their home countries. Source of profits: In smuggling cases, profits are derived from the transportation or facilitation of the illegal entry or stay of a person into another county. Anecdotal reports in 2009 also indicated some women and girls from Serbia and other countries in this region are subjected to conditions of forced prostitution in Montenegro. After arms and drug trafficking, human trafficking is the third most widespread form (UN 2013) It generates 32 billion Euros a year (UN 2013); The European Commission has launched a strategy to eradicate human trafficking (2012 – 2016 EU strategy); Every year, around 2.5 million victims – mainly women and children – are recruited and exploited worldwide (France Diplomacy) Women and children from Moldova, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Romania, Belarus, and Russia are trafficked to Poland for forced prostitution. The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority, or against a person who is incapable of giving valid consent, such as one who is unconscious, incapacitated, has an intellectual disability or is below the legal age of consent. Roma children are coerced into organized street begging in the country. Some women from Zimbabwe who voluntarily, but illegally, migrate to Botswana to seek employment are subsequently subjected by their employers to involuntary domestic servitude. Montenegrin women and girls are subjected to forced prostitution within the country and in other Balkan countries; anecdotal reports indicate at least one Montenegrin girl was subjected to conditions of forced prostitution in Serbia during the reporting period. Mongolian men and women have been found in conditions of forced labor in Turkey, Kazakhstan, and the Czech Republic. After adopting a first national action plan in 2014, France is now committed to implementing its second national human trafficking action plan for the period 2019-2021. The population of West Africa is estimated at about 362 million people as of 2016, and at 381,981,000 as of 2017, of which 189,672,000 are female and 192,309,000 male. Men and women from Thailand, Nigeria, Iraq, Ukraine, Belarus, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Mongolia, Vietnam, Turkey, Djibouti, and Uganda are found in conditions of forced labor, including forced begging and debt bondage, and also forced prostitution in Poland. Croatian women and girls fall victim to sex trafficking within the country, and women and girls from Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and other parts of Europe are subjected to forced prostitution in Croatia and in Europe. The government, in partnership with the hotel industry, provided training for managers and employees of major hotel groups on identification techniques for potential victims of trafficking and how to report potential trafficking. The term rape is sometimes used interchangeably with the term sexual assault. According to local observers and media reports, Portuguese men and women are subjected to forced labor and/or forced prostitution after migrating to other destinations in Europe. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". Most trafficked women entered the country through Serbia or Montenegro. At a house in … Bosnia and Herzegovina is primarily a source for Bosnian women and girls who are subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced prostitution within the country, though it is also a destination and transit country for foreign women and girls in forced prostitution in Bosnia and Western Europe. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. The French government provided witness protection services and issued one-year residency permits, which can be renewed every six months, to victims of trafficking who cooperated with authorities in the investigation and prosecution of traffickers; the government also provided identified victims with assistance and a 30-day reflection period to decide whether to cooperate with law enforcement. Men reportedly are subjected to forced labor in agricultural sectors, and children, including Roma, are subjected to conditions of forced begging and theft. 3. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury. According to the Ministry of Interior, Belarusian single, unemployed females between the ages of 16 and 30 were most at risk of being trafficked. Destination countries: Trafficking is first of all a business, therefore destination countries include those which have a high demand for cheap workers, prostitution, etc. Batswana girls are exploited in prostitution within the country, including in bars and by truck drivers along major highways; it does not appear, however, that organized pimping of children occurs. Botswana is a source and destination country for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. Human Trafficking in France. In January 2010, the government sponsored a nationwide conference that brought together law enforcement, magistrates, and NGOs to improve partnerships in order to better protect victims and prevent trafficking. The government provided some indirect funding for victims’ care in 2009; however, it did not report overall funding allocations to NGOs for victims of trafficking. Bulgarian men, women, and children are subjected to conditions of forced labor in Greece, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Austria is a destination and transit country for women, men, and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced prostitution and forced labor. Tunisia is a source, destination, and possible transit country for men, women, and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor and forced prostitution. , The Government of France sustained strong prevention efforts in 2009 and led European efforts to prevent human trafficking on the Internet. Some Bulgarian children are forced into street begging and petty theft within Bulgaria and also in Greece and the United Kingdom. In the past, women reported being forced into commercial sexual exploitation at some safari lodges, but there were no similar reports during this reporting period. Forced labor in agriculture is often found on tobacco plantations. Key issues. 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